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24th World Congress on Pediatric Neurology and Neuropathology, will be organized around the theme “”

Pediatric Neurology 2024 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Pediatric Neurology 2024

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by persistent difficulties in attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. It affects daily functioning and social interactions, often emerging in childhood and persisting into adulthood. Diagnosis involves comprehensive evaluation, and treatment typically includes behavioral therapy, medication, and educational interventions.

The autonomic nervous system regulates involuntary bodily functions like heart rate and digestion. It comprises sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions. The central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord, controlling conscious activities and processing sensory information. Both systems coordinate to maintain bodily homeostasis and respond to external stimuli.


Behavior disorders involve persistent patterns of disruptive or antisocial behavior, impacting daily functioning. Learning disabilities hinder academic achievement despite normal intelligence, affecting reading, writing, or math skills. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) encompasses neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by social communication challenges, repetitive behaviors, and restricted interests, varying in severity.

Brain development involves intricate processes of cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation, crucial for forming neural circuits and functions. Malformations arise from disruptions in these processes, leading to structural abnormalities such as neural tube defects or abnormal cell organization. These conditions may result in cognitive, motor, or sensory impairments.

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a group of lifelong movement disorders resulting from damage to the developing brain, typically occurring before or during birth. Symptoms include impaired muscle coordination, spasticity, and balance issues. CP affects movement and posture, varying in severity and often requiring lifelong therapy and support.

Child neurology focuses on diagnosing and treating neurological disorders in infants, children, and adolescents. Specialists address conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles, including epilepsy, developmental delays, and genetic disorders. Treatment often involves a multidisciplinary approach, incorporating therapies to optimize neurodevelopment and improve quality of life.

Clinical Pediatric and Neonatal Neurology specializes in diagnosing and managing neurological conditions affecting infants, children, and adolescents. Experts address disorders like epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and genetic syndromes, providing comprehensive care from infancy through adolescence. Treatment focuses on optimizing neurological development and improving functional outcomes for pediatric patients.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures, affecting people of all ages. Febrile seizures are convulsions triggered by fever in young children, typically between 6 months and 5 years old. While epilepsy involves various seizure types and causes, febrile seizures often resolve without long-term consequences, usually not requiring treatment.


Genetic disorders result from abnormalities in an individual's DNA, often inherited from parents, leading to conditions like Down syndrome or cystic fibrosis. Metabolic disorders involve disruptions in normal biochemical processes, affecting how the body converts food into energy, leading to conditions like phenylketonuria (PKU) or metabolic storage disorders.



Headaches are common, causing pain or discomfort in the head or neck region. They can result from various causes such as stress, tension, migraines, or underlying health conditions. Symptoms may include throbbing pain, sensitivity to light or sound, and nausea. Treatment often involves pain relievers, lifestyle changes, or preventive measures.

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. They can spread from person to person through direct contact, airborne particles, or contaminated surfaces. Common examples include influenza, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and COVID-19. Prevention measures include vaccination, hygiene practices, and antimicrobial treatments.

Movement disorders encompass a range of conditions affecting voluntary and involuntary movements. Examples include Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, and Huntington's disease. Symptoms may involve tremors, rigidity, involuntary movements, or impaired coordination. Treatment options vary but may include medications, physical therapy, and surgical interventions to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Neonatal seizures are convulsions in newborns, often within the first month. They signal potential brain injury, infection, or metabolic issues. Symptoms include rhythmic jerking, staring, or eye deviation. Timely diagnosis and treatment are vital to prevent complications and mitigate long-term neurological damage, ensuring optimal neonatal development and well-being.

Neurodegenerative diseases are progressive conditions characterized by the gradual deterioration of nerve cells or neurons in the brain or spinal cord. Examples include Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Symptoms worsen over time, affecting cognition, movement, and other functions, leading to significant disability and reduced quality of life.

Neurology of the brain and spine focuses on diagnosing and treating disorders affecting the central nervous system. Specialists address conditions such as strokes, brain tumors, spinal cord injuries, and degenerative diseases. Treatment approaches aim to optimize neurological function, alleviate symptoms, and improve the overall quality of life for patients.

Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control voluntary muscles, leading to weakness, numbness, or muscle wasting. Examples include muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Symptoms vary but may involve difficulty walking, breathing, or swallowing. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms, improving function, and enhancing quality of life.

Neurorehabilitation is a multidisciplinary approach to restoring function and improving quality of life for individuals with neurological conditions or injuries. It involves physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive rehabilitation to promote recovery, regain independence, and enhance overall well-being through tailored treatment plans and interventions.

Neurosurgery encompasses surgical interventions on the brain, spinal cord, and nervous system to treat conditions such as tumors, trauma, and vascular disorders. Neural circuits are intricate pathways of interconnected neurons that regulate bodily functions and behaviors, studied to understand neurological disorders and develop innovative treatments for improved patient outcomes.

Pediatric care specializes in medical treatment and healthcare for infants, children, and adolescents, addressing their unique physical, emotional, and developmental needs. Pediatricians provide preventive care, diagnose and manage illnesses, and promote healthy growth and development through routine check-ups, vaccinations, and parental guidance, ensuring optimal well-being.

Pediatric and Child Neurology focuses on diagnosing and treating neurological disorders in infants, children, and adolescents. Specialists address conditions such as epilepsy, developmental delays, and genetic disorders, providing comprehensive care tailored to the unique needs of young patients to optimize neurodevelopment and improve quality of life.

Pediatric neuroimaging involves non-invasive techniques to visualize the structure and function of the developing brain in infants, children, and adolescents. Methods such as MRI, CT, and ultrasound aid in diagnosing neurological conditions, guiding treatment decisions, and monitoring neurodevelopmental progress, ensuring optimal care for pediatric patients.

Pediatric neurological disorders are conditions affecting the nervous system in infants, children, and adolescents. Examples include epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and neurodevelopmental disorders like autism. These disorders impact cognitive, motor, and sensory functions, requiring comprehensive evaluation and multidisciplinary management to optimize outcomes and enhance quality of life for young patients.

Pediatric neuromuscular disorders are conditions affecting the nerves and muscles in infants, children, and adolescents. Examples include muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and congenital myopathies. These disorders lead to muscle weakness, wasting, and impaired movement, often requiring multidisciplinary care to manage symptoms and optimize functional abilities in young patients.

A pediatric neuron is a nerve cell in the developing brain and nervous system of infants, children, and adolescents. These specialized cells transmit electrical signals, enabling communication within the nervous system. Understanding pediatric neuron development is crucial for studying neurological conditions and designing interventions to support healthy brain function.

Pediatric nursing specializes in providing healthcare to infants, children, and adolescents, addressing their unique physical, emotional, and developmental needs. Pediatric nurses perform assessments, administer treatments, and educate patients and families on preventive care and management of pediatric illnesses, ensuring optimal health outcomes for young patients.

Pediatric psychiatry focuses on diagnosing and treating mental health disorders in children and adolescents. Specialists address conditions such as anxiety, depression, ADHD, and autism spectrum disorders, providing comprehensive evaluations and evidence-based treatments tailored to the unique needs of young patients to promote mental well-being and resilience.

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) comprises nerves and ganglia outside the brain and spinal cord, connecting the central nervous system to the rest of the body. It regulates voluntary and involuntary actions, sensation, and motor functions, facilitating communication between the body and the brain for sensory perception and movement control.

Radiation neurooncology is a specialized field focusing on the use of radiation therapy for the treatment of brain and nervous system tumors. It involves precise delivery of radiation to target and destroy cancerous cells while minimizing damage to healthy tissue, aiming to improve patient outcomes and quality of life.

Stem cells hold promise in regenerative neurology by their ability to differentiate into various cell types in the nervous system. This field explores using stem cell therapy to repair damaged neural tissue, offering potential treatments for neurological disorders like Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injuries, and stroke, aiming to restore function and improve quality of life.

Stroke in children, though rare, can cause lasting neurological damage. Causes include blood vessel abnormalities, sickle cell disease, infections, or cardiac issues. Symptoms vary but may include weakness, seizures, or difficulty speaking. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are vital to minimize long-term complications and optimize recovery in pediatric patients.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) result from a sudden impact or blow to the head, causing damage to the brain. Symptoms vary depending on the severity and location of the injury, ranging from mild concussions to severe impairments in consciousness, cognition, and motor function, requiring prompt medical attention and rehabilitation.

Tumors are abnormal growths of cells that can develop in various parts of the body, including the brain, spinal cord, and other organs. They can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), causing symptoms such as pain, swelling, and neurological deficits. Treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or targeted therapies.

Neuroscience informs psychology by studying the brain's structure, function, and chemistry to understand human behavior, cognition, and emotions. Research in areas like brain imaging and neurotransmitter function provides insights into mental processes, mental health disorders, and potential treatments, bridging the gap between brain function and behavior in psychology.